Fun Facts About Squirrels

• Squirrels fit into three general groups: tree squirrels, ground squirrels, and flying squirrels, all of which are represented in Oregon and Washington.

• One of our backyard species, the fox squirrel, is also the largest in North America, reaching lengths of more than two feet! Fun Facts About Squirrels

• Squirrels eat a wide variety of plants, nuts, seeds, conifer cones, fruits, fungi, and green vegetation.

• In most species, parental care is the sole responsibility of the female squirrel.

• Most squirrels have a spring and a fall litter. Litter sizes range from one or two to as many as nine or more.

• In all squirrels, gestation period is short, being somewhere between 3 and 6 weeks.

• Newly born squirrels are helpless and will usually be weaned by 10 weeks old.

• Young squirrels may venture out of the nest at 45 days old, but many remain near their mother and often share her nest even after being weaned.

• Many squirrels molt twice a year, sporting a lighter coat in summer than in winter.

• Tree squirrels use their tails as a balance, as a rudder, as a flag to communicate social signals and as a blanket.